Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2).
This novel coronavirus was first identified in December 2019. In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
The time between exposure to the virus and symptom onset is typically around five days but may range from two to fourteen days.
Common symptoms are similar to seasonal flu. While the majority of cases result in mild symptoms, some progress to viral pneumonia and multi-organ failure.
There is no cure available. Even with a vaccine, testing remains crucial in the fight against COVID-19.
African Swine Fever (ASF) is caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). This highly contagious haemorrhagic disease affects domestic pigs and wild boar. There is no effective vaccine or treatment available, and infection can cause up to 100% mortality. As a result, infected animals must be slaughtered, causing serious economic and production losses.
The clinical signs of ASF is very similar to other diseases such as Classical swine fever and can only be differentiated by laboratory tests.
ASF is a disease listed in the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and must be reported to the OIE.
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is considered one of the most pathogenic viruses in the shrimp industry and causes large economic losses. It infects not only penaeids, but also other invertebrate aquatic organisms such as crab and crayfish. Persistent infection is common and lifelong infection can occur. Environmental factors such as changes in salinity and water temperature (below ~30°C) may induce disease outbreaks.
Infectious diseases in fish can cause significant losses on fish farms. To improve fish health and increase profitability in the aquaculture industry, SBC has developed a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based detection tool, cPCR system. It offers on-site pathogen screening which aids regular health monitoring and early disease detection.